Programming languages for JVM | ASSIST Software Romania
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Lucian Neghina

Software Developer at ASSIST

"The only limit is the one you set yourself." - Felix Baumgartner

Introduction

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is a platform-independent that can execute Java bytecodes. JVM takes bytecodes as input and interprets them to the assembly language. Bytecodes are similar with the instruction set that CPUs implement which makes the interpretation very fast.

At the beginning the only programming language for JVM was Java. Now there are over 50 JVM languages so I intend to limit the discussion to the languages that our software development team uses:

  • Java
  • Scala
  • Groovy

java programing

Java

Java is a very popular language and it is used to build multiple applications types, specially enterprise and mobile applications.
The main Java properties are:

  • it’s platform independent
  • strongly-typed language
  • object-oriented programming
  • compiled and interpreted language
  • automatic memory management

java languages

Advantages / Disadvantages

Advantages

  • security - offers many security features such as cryptographic algorithms, secure communication protocols, authentication
  • performance - provides the appropriate development medium for large, robust and complex applications
  • flexibility - the applications are easy to extend or integrate with other enterprise applications
  • portability - Java apps run on everything, the applications can be hosted on simple servers as well as on cloud

Disadvantages

  • runs slowly compared to the compiled languages
  • takes more system resources and memory

Success stories

A success story of Java is Android, a mobile operating system that has full support over the Java syntax. The Android project was a huge success as it is open to the community and using the full power and flexibility of Java.

Another successful project which is commonly used in the IT market is JIRA. It’s a web-based project management tool used to organize issues, assign work and follow team activity. JIRA in cloud is used by thousands of companies.

Java is the second programming language, after C and it’s on this position for more than five years, according to the TIOBE.

functional java

Scala

Scala is another object-oriented programming language for JVM while it's a functional language too. It's currently the main language for backend and services. If you want simplicity and productivity in your project then Scala is the right choice.

As we can see in the following chart from Google Trends, the two programming types get nowadays relatively the same interest from the public.

Graph TPCI

What is special

scalability - it’s designed to scale from small to large and distributed applications
parallel collections - every collection may be easily converted into a parallel collection which is responsible for scheduling and load-balancing
mixed paradigm - in Scala everything is an object even the primitive types are true objects. Scala fully supports functional programming which allows writing elegant and concise programs

Success stories

Scala was initially adopted by the web industry, mainly by social networks like: Foursquare, Twitter, Linkedin, Tumblr. Now it's also used by many big enterprises like Intel, Amazon, Ebay, Walmart, Workday and of course by many banks and funds.  

Groovy

Groovy is a scripting and dynamic language. In dynamic typing, the type is bound to the value, not the variable. Groovy has a high-productivity web framework named Grails, powered by Spring and Hibernate. Spring offers support for dependency injection, data access, transaction management, security, testing and so on while Hibernate is an object-relational mapping (ORM) used to persist data.

Features

  • support properties - all the fields have by default Getter and Setter methods
  • support scaffolding - allows generating basic CRUD (create/read/update/delete) interface for domain class
  • removes syntactical noise - allows developers to focus more time writing algorithms and less time focusing on language semantics
  • closure - it’s a chunk of code within {...} and behaves like a fist-class object (just like String or Integer objects). This code is defined and then executed at some point later on. Closures are similar with methods the difference is the first ones are objects.

Success stories

Some of the well know companies that use Groovy and Grails are Netflix, Atlassian, CollabNet, MoneyGram, T-Mobile, Lyris, Symantec, Target, Disney, Harvard University, Yale University. There are many other know websites based on Grails, you can find a complete list here.

Conclusion

One of the great things on these three programming languages is the interoperability between them. They can access code and libraries made in any of the three mentioned languages.  

We are excited to use the power of Java, Scala and Groovy and also develop professional outsourcing solutions. If you want to take part of an Romanian software development team and use these languages please apply using our Careers section.

Do you want to get in touch with us? 

If you are interested in our software development services, you would like to join our team, or you simply want to find out more about us, we’d love to hear from you! Drop us a line and a member of the ASSIST team will get back to you as soon as possible. We are sure we can ASSIST you.

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